Installing with Pip

Pip is a package installer for Python that can be used to install the Cantera Python module from PyPI.


The first step in installing the Cantera Python module using pip is to make sure you have a compatible version of Python installed and are able to run pip from the command line. Packages for Cantera 2.6.0 are available for Python versions 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, and 3.10.

If you don't already have Python installed, it can be downloaded from or installed using your operating system's package manager.

To check that you are able run pip, open a terminal / command prompt and run the following command:

Linux / macOS:

python3 -m pip --version


py -m pip --version

If the above command doesn't work, see the instructions at for how to get pip working with your Python installation.

Virtual Environments

Virtual environments provide a way keeping separate sets of Python packages installed for different projects, where different environments can have different versions of packages that might otherwise conflict. To create and activate a virtual environment named ct-env to be used with Cantera, run the commands:

Linux / macOS:

python3 -m venv ct-env
source ct-env/bin/activate


py -m venv ct-env

The second command should be run in the terminal each time you want to use the specified environment.

Installing Cantera

To install the Cantera Python module, first activate your virtual environment, if you're using one. Then, run the command:

Linux / macOS:

python3 -m pip install cantera


py -m pip install cantera

You can test that your installation is working by running one of the examples included with Cantera:

Linux / macOS:

python3 -m cantera.examples.thermo.critical_properties


py -m cantera.examples.thermo.critical_properties

You should get the following output:

Critical State Properties
               Fluid      Tc [K]     Pc [Pa]          Zc
               water        647.3    2.209E+07      0.2333
            nitrogen        126.2      3.4E+06      0.2891
             methane        190.6    4.599E+06      0.2904
            hydrogen        32.94    1.284E+06      0.3013
              oxygen        154.6    5.043E+06      0.2879
      carbon dioxide        304.2    7.384E+06      0.2769
             heptane        537.7     2.62E+06      0.2972
             hfc134a        374.2    4.059E+06        0.26