Installing with Conda¶
Anaconda and Miniconda are Python distributions that include the conda package manager, which can be used to install Cantera. Both distributions are available for Linux, macOS, and Windows. Note that installing Cantera using Conda will only provide the Cantera Python module. If you want to use the other Cantera interfaces (to use Cantera from MATLAB, Fortran, C++, or C) then see the OS-specific installation options.
Anaconda and Miniconda both include conda; the difference is that Anaconda includes a large number of Python packages that are widely used in scientific applications, while Miniconda is a minimal distribution that only includes Python and Conda, although all of the packages available in Anaconda can be installed in Miniconda. For more details on how to use conda, see the conda documentation.
Option 1: Create a new environment for Cantera
If you have just installed Anaconda or Miniconda, the following instructions will create a conda environment where you can use Cantera. For this example, the environment is named spam. From the command line (or the Anaconda Prompt on Windows), run:
conda create --name spam --channel cantera cantera ipython matplotlib
This will create an environment with Cantera, IPython, Matplotlib, and all their dependencies installed. Although Conda can install a large set of packages by default, it is also possible to install packages such as Cantera that are maintained independently. These additional channels from which packages may be obtained are specified by adding the --channel option in the install or create commands. In this case, we want to install Cantera from the cantera channel, so we add --channel cantera and to tell Conda to look at the cantera channel in addition to the default channels.
To use the scripts and modules installed in the spam environment, you must activate it it by running:
conda activate spam
Option 2: Install Cantera in an existing environment
First, activate your environment (assumed here to be named baked_beans; if you’ve forgotten the name of the conda environment you wanted to use, the command conda env list can help). This is done by running:
conda activate baked_beans
Then, install Cantera in the active enironment by running:
conda install --channel cantera cantera
Option 3: Install the development version of Cantera
To install a recent development snapshot (i.e., an alpha or beta version) of Cantera in an existing environment, activate the environment and then run:
conda install --channel cantera/label/dev cantera
If you later want to revert back to the stable version, first remove and then reinstall Cantera:
conda remove cantera conda install --channel cantera cantera