OneDimensional Reacting Flows¶
Domain1D¶

class
Domain1D
(a, b, c)¶ Domain1D class constructor.
 Parameters
a –
Integer type of domain. Possible values are
1  Stagnation Flow
2  Inlet1D
3  Surf1D
4  Symm1D
5  Outlet1D
6  Reacting Surface
8  Sim1D
2  OutletRes
b – Instance of class
Solution()
(fora == 1
) orInterface()
(fora == 6
). Not used for all other valid values ofa
.c – Integer, either 1 or 2, indicating whether an axisymmetric stagnation flow or a free flame should be created. If not specified, defaults to 1. Ignored if
a != 1
.

AxiStagnFlow
(gas)¶ Get an axisymmetric stagnation flow domain.
 Parameters
gas – Instance of class
Solution()
 Returns
Domain1D instance representing an axisymmetric stagnation flow.

AxisymmetricFlow
(gas, id)¶ Create an axisymmetric flow domain.
 Parameters
gas – Instance of class
Solution()
id – String, ID of the flow
 Returns
Domain1D instance representing an axisymmetric flow.

Inlet
(id)¶ Create an inlet domain.
Note that an inlet can only be a terminal domain  it must be either the leftmost or rightmost domain in a stack.
 Parameters
id – String name of the inlet.
 Returns
Instance of class
Domain1D()
representing an inlet.

Outlet
(id)¶ Create an outlet domain.
 Parameters
id – String ID of the outlet.
 Returns
Instance of
Domain1D()
representing an outlet.

OutletRes
(id)¶ Create an outlet reservoir domain.
 Returns
Instance of
Domain1D()
representing an outlet reservoir.

Surface
(id, surface_mech)¶ Create a surface domain.
 Parameters
id – String ID of surface
surface_mech – Instance of class
Interface()
defining the surface reaction mechanism to be used. Optional.
 Returns
Instance of class
Domain1D()
representing a nonreacting or reacting surface.

SymmPlane
(id)¶ Create a symmetry plane domain.
 Parameters
id – String ID of the symmetry plane.
 Returns
Instance of class
Domain1D()
representing a symmetry plane.

componentIndex
(d, name)¶ Get the index of a component given its name.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
name – String name of the component to look up. If a numeric value is passed, it will be returned.
 Returns
Index of the component, or input numeric value.

componentName
(d, n)¶ Get the name of a component given its index.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
n – Integer or vector of integers of components’ names to get.
 Returns
Cell array of component names.

disableEnergy
(d)¶ Disable the energy equation.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()

domainIndex
(d)¶ Get the domain index.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
This function returns an integer flag denoting the location of the domain, beginning with 1 at the left.

domainType
(d)¶ Get the type of domain.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
This function returns an integer flag denoting the domain type.

enableEnergy
(d)¶ Enable the energy equation.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()

gridPoints
(d, n)¶ Get grid points from a domain.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
n – Optional, vector of grid points to be retrieved.
 Returns
Vector of grid points. Length of
n
ornPoints()
.

isFlow
(d)¶ Determine whether a domain is a flow.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
1 if the domain is a flow domain, and 0 otherwise.

isInlet
(d)¶ Determine whether a domain is an inlet.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
1 if the domain is an inlet, and 0 otherwise.

isSurface
(d)¶ Determine if a domain is a surface.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
1 if the domain is a surface, and 0 otherwise.

massFlux
(d)¶ Get the mass flux.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
The mass flux in the domain.

massFraction
(d, k)¶ Get the mass fraction of a species given its integer index.
This method returns the mass fraction of species
k
, where k is the integer index of the species in the flow domain to which the boundary domain is attached. Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
k – Integer species index
 Returns
Mass fraction of species

nComponents
(d)¶ Get the number of components.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
Number of variables at each grid point

nPoints
(d)¶ Get the number of grid points.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
Integer number of grid points.

set
(a, varargin)¶ Set properties of a Domain1D.
The properties that may be set are
Temperature (T)
Pressure (P)
Mole Fractions (X)
Mass Flux (mdot)
tol
toltime
grid
bounds
T_fixed
ID
Either the full property name or the symbol may be specified. Mole and mass fractions must be input as vectors (either row or column) with length equal to the number of species.
Examples:
>> set(gas,'Temperature',600.0); >> set(gas,'T',600.0); >> set(gas,'T',600.0,'P',2*oneatm,'Y',massfracs); >> set(gas,'X',ones(nSpecies(gas),1));
Alternatively, individual methods to set properties may be called (setTemperature, setMoleFractions, etc.)
See also:
setBounds()
,setFixedTempProfile()
setID()
,setMdot()
,setMoleFractions()
,setPressure()
,setProfile()
,setSteadyTolerances()
,setTemperature()
,setTransientTolerances()
,setupGrid()
 Parameters
a – Instance of class
Domain1D()
varargin – Comma separated list of
property, value
pairs to be set

setBounds
(d, component, lower, upper)¶ Set bounds on the solution components.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
component – String, component to set the bounds on
lower – Lower bound
upper – Upper bound

setCoverageEqs
(d, onoff)¶ Enable or disable solving the coverage equations.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
onoff – String, one of
'on'
or'yes'
to turn solving the coverage equations on. One of'off'
or'no'
to turn off the coverage equations.

setFixedTempProfile
(d, profile)¶ Set a fixed temperature profile.
Set the temperature profile to use when the energy equation is not being solved. The profile must be entered as an array of positions / temperatures, which may be in rows or columns.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
profile – n x 2 or 2 x n array of
n
points at which the temperature is specified.

setID
(d, id)¶ Set the ID tag for a domain.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
id – String ID to assign

setMdot
(d, mdot)¶ Set the mass flow rate.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
mdot – Mass flow rate

setMoleFractions
(d, x)¶ Set the mole fractions.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
x – String specifying the species and mole fractions in the format
'SPEC:X,SPEC2:X2'
.

setPressure
(d, p)¶ Set the pressure.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
p – Pressure to be set. Units: Pa

setProfile
(d, n, p)¶ Set the profile of a component.
Convenience function to allow an instance of
Domain1D()
to have a profile of its components set when it is part of aStack()
. Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
n – Integer index of component, vector of component indices, string of component name, or cell array of strings of component names.
p – n x 2 array, whose columns are the relative (normalized) positions and the component values at those points. The number of positions
n
is arbitrary.

setSteadyTolerances
(d, component, rtol, atol)¶ Set the steadystate tolerances.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
component – String or cell array of strings of component values whose tolerances should be set. If
'default'
is specified, the tolerance of all components will be set.rtol – Relative tolerance
atol – Absolute tolerance

setTemperature
(d, t)¶ Set the temperature.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
t – Temperature to be set. Units: K

setTransientTolerances
(d, component, rtol, atol)¶ Set the transient tolerances.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
component – String or cell array of strings of component values whose tolerances should be set. If
'default'
is specified, the tolerance of all components will be set.rtol – Relative tolerance
atol – Absolute tolerance

setupGrid
(d, grid)¶ Set up the solution grid.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
grid –

temperature
(d)¶ Get the boundary temperature.
 Parameters
d – Instance of class
Domain1D()
 Returns
Temperature. Units: K
Stack¶

class
Stack
(domains)¶ Stack class constructor.
A stack object is a container for onedimensional domains, which are instances of class Domain1D. The domains are of two types  extended domains, and connector domains.
See also:
Domain1D()
 Parameters
domains – Vector of domain instances
 Returns
Instance of class
Stack()

CounterFlowDiffusionFlame
(left, flow, right, tp_f, tp_o, oxidizer)¶ Create a counter flow diffusion flame stack.
 Parameters
left – Object representing the left inlet, which must be created using function
Inlet()
.flow – Object representing the flow, created with function
AxisymmetricFlow()
.right – Object representing the right inlet, which must be created using function
Inlet()
.tp_f – Object representing the fuel inlet gas, instance of class
Solution()
, and an ideal gas.tp_o – Object representing the oxidizer inlet gas, instance of class
Solution()
, and an ideal gas.oxidizer – String representing the oxidizer species. Most commonly O2.
 Returns
Instance of
Stack()
object representing the left inlet, flow, and right inlet.

FreeFlame
(gas, id)¶ Create a freelypropagating flat flame.
 Parameters
gas – Instance of class
Solution()
id – String, ID of the flow
 Returns
Domain1D instance representing a freely propagating, adiabatic flame

domainIndex
(s, name)¶ Get the index of a domain in a stack given its name.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
name – If double, the value is returned. Otherwise, the name is looked up and its index is returned.
 Returns
Index of domain

grid
(s, name)¶ Get the grid in one domain.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
name – Name of the domain for which the grid should be retrieved.
 Returns
The grid in domain name

plotSolution
(s, domain, component)¶ Plot a specified solution component.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
domain – Name of domain from which the component should be retrieved
component – Name of the component to be plotted

resid
(s, domain, rdt, count)¶ Get the residuals.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
domain – Name of the domain
rdt –
count –
 Returns

restore
(s, fname, id)¶ Restore a previouslysaved solution.
This method can be used to provide an initial guess for the solution.
See also:
save()
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
fname – File name of an XML file containing solution information
id – ID of the element that should be restored

save
(s, fname, id, desc)¶ Save a solution to a file.
The output file is in a format that can be used by
restore()
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
fname – File name where XML file should be written
id – ID to be assigned to the XML element when it is written
desc – Description to be written to the output file

saveSoln
(s, fname, id, desc)¶ Save a solution to a file.
The output file is in a format that can be used by
restore()
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
fname – File name where XML file should be written
id – ID to be assigned to the XML element when it is written
desc – Description to be written to the output file

setFlatProfile
(s, domain, comp, v)¶ Set a component to a value across the entire domain.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
domain – Integer ID of the domain
comp – Component to be set
v – Double, value to be set

setMaxJacAge
(s, ss_age, ts_age)¶ Set the number of times the Jacobian will be used before it is recomputed.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
ss_age – Maximum age of the Jacobian for steady state analysis
ts_age – Maximum age of the Jacobian for transient analysis. If not specified, defaults to
ss_age
.

setProfile
(s, name, comp, p)¶ Specify a profile for one component.
The solution vector values for this component will be linearly interpolated from the discrete function defined by p(:,1) vs. p(:,2). Note that
p(1,1) = 0.0
corresponds to the leftmost grid point in the specified domain, andp(1,n) = 1.0
corresponds to the rightmost grid point. This method can be called at any time, but is usually used to set the initial guess for the solution.Example (assuming
s
is an instance ofStack()
):>> zr = [0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.8 1]; >> v = [500 650 700 730 800 900]; >> setProfile(s, 1, 2, [zr, v]);
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
name – Domain name
comp – component number
p – n x 2 array, whose columns are the relative (normalized) positions and the component values at those points. The number of positions
n
is arbitrary.

setRefineCriteria
(s, n, ratio, slope, curve, prune)¶ Set the criteria used to refine the grid.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
n – Domain number
ratio – Maximum size ratio between adjacent cells
slope – Maximum relative difference in value between adjacent points
curve – Maximum relative difference in slope between adjacent cells
prune – Minimum value for slope or curve for which points will be retained in the grid. If the computed slope or curve value is below prune for all components, it will be deleted, unless either neighboring point is already marked for deletion.

setTimeStep
(s, stepsize, steps)¶ Specify a sequence of time steps.
 Parameters
stepsize – Initial step size (s)
steps – Vector of number of steps to take before reattempting solution of steadystate problem. For example, steps = [1, 2, 5, 10] would cause one time step to be taken first the the steadystate solution attempted. If this failed, two time steps would be taken, etc.

setValue
(s, n, comp, localPoint, v)¶ Set the value of a single entry in the solution vector.
Example (assuming
s
is an instance ofStack()
):setValue(s, 3, 5, 1, 5.6)
This sets component 5 at the leftmost point (local point 1) in domain 3 to the value 5.6. Note that the local index always begins at 1 at the left of each domain, independent of the global index of the point, which depends on the location of this domain in the stack.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
n – Domain number
comp – Component number
localPoint – Local index of the grid point in the domain
v – Value

solution
(s, domain, component)¶ Get a solution component in one domain.
 Parameters
s – Instance of class
Stack()
domain – String, name of the domain from which the solution is desired
component – String, component for which the solution is desired. If omitted, solutions for all of the components will be returned in an
nPoints()
xnComponents()
array.
 Returns
Either an
nPoints()
x 1 vector, ornPoints()
xnComponents()
array.